Why are Bhutanese refugees in Nepal?

Why are Bhutanese refugees in Nepal?

These refugees registered in refugee camps in eastern Nepal during the 1990s as Bhutanese citizens deported from Bhutan during the protest against oppressive measures of Bhutanese government by some of the Lhotshampas demanding Human Rights and democracy in Bhutan.

Who are Bhutanese refugees in Nepal?

Since 1991, approximately 18% of the Bhutanese population has fled the country (108,000 refugees), mainly to Nepal and India. The vast majority of these refugees are Lhotshampa, a Hindu population of ethnic Nepali descent.

How many Bhutanese refugees are there in Nepal?

Over 105,000 Bhutanese have spent 15 – 20 years living in UNHCR-run refugee camps in Nepal.

How many refugees are in Nepal?

40,490 refugees
Nepal is home to 40,490 refugees officially recognized by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Is Bhutan in Nepal?

Status. Bhutan and Nepal are both Himalayan countries and until 2008, Nepal was also a monarchy. Both nations were founding members of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The Nepal-Bhutan Friendship and Cultural Society was established in Kathmandu to facilitate good relations in 1969.

Which countries has Nepal alone given shelter to refugees from?

Nepal hosts a large number of refugees and asylum-seekers, mainly from Bhutan, although their numbers have steadily decreased in recent years as a result of the resettlement programme.

Is Bhutan richer than Nepal?

Nepal with a GDP of $29B ranked the 103rd largest economy in the world, while Bhutan ranked 172nd with $2.4B. By GDP 5-years average growth and GDP per capita, Nepal and Bhutan ranked 37th vs 23rd and 170th vs 129th, respectively.

Is Bhutan better than Nepal?

Nepal may be the more affordable option, with its cheap hostels, simple and inexpensive travel costs, low-cost food, and stunning Himalayan treks, but you cannot beat Bhutan for the quality of service that you get for your money. When it comes to how much “bang for your buck” you get, Bhutan is definitely on top.

Where did the Bhutanese refugees come from in Nepal?

Bhutanese refugees are Lhotshampas (“southerners”), a group of Nepali language-speaking Bhutanese people. These refugees registered in refugee camps in eastern Nepal during the 1990s as Bhutanese citizens deported from Bhutan during the ethnic cleansing carried out by King Jigme Singye Wangchuk of Bhutan.

Are there any repatriation agreements between Nepal and Bhutan?

As Nepal and Bhutan have yet to implement any agreement on repatriation, many Bhutanese refugees have since resettled to North America, Oceania and Europe under the auspices of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Many Lhotshampa also migrated to areas of West Bengal and Assam in India independently of the UNHCR.

What did Basil Gould say about Bhutanese refugees?

In the 1940s, the British Political Officer Sir Basil Gould was quoted as saying that when he warned Sir Raja Sonam Topgay Dorji of Bhutan House of the potential danger of allowing so many ethnic Nepalese to settle in southern Bhutan, he replied that “since they were not registered subjects they could be evicted whenever the need arose.”

How many Bhutanese have been resettled in other countries?

By January 2009, more than 8,000 and by November 2010, more than 40,000 Bhutanese refugees were resettled in various countries. Canada offered to accept additional 6,500 Bhutanese refugees by the end of 2014. Norway has already resettled 200 Bhutanese refugees and Canada has agreed to accept up to 5000 through to 2012.


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