Can osteomyelitis cause meningitis?

Can osteomyelitis cause meningitis?

The common neurological complication of osteomyelitis is cord compression secondary to an epidural abscess. Moreover, meningitis and myelitis are complications of osteomyelitis. However, it is difficult to diagnose osteomyelitis in cases where meningitis is present.

What is the main bacteria causing osteomyelitis?

Most cases of osteomyelitis are caused by staphylococcus bacteria, types of germs commonly found on the skin or in the nose of even healthy individuals. Germs can enter a bone in a variety of ways, including: The bloodstream.

What is osteomyelitis and what are some of its causes?

Causes of osteomyelitis include bacteria in the bloodstream from infectious diseases that spread to the bone, an open wound from a trauma over a bone, and recent surgery or injection in or around a bone. The most common types of bacteria that cause osteomyelitis are Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, and Enterobacteriaceae.

What can osteomyelitis lead to?

Osteomyelitis is a bacterial, or fungal, infection of the bone. Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.

What is myelitis?

Transverse myelitis is an inflammation of the spinal cord, the part of the central nervous system that sends impulses from the brain to nerves in the body. The spinal cord also carries sensory information back to the brain.

Can Discitis cause paralysis?

Discitis is an infection of the intervertebral disc space that can lead to paralysis, sepsis, epidural abscess, or other life- threatening complications if left untreated [1–4]. Incidence occurs as frequently as 2.4 persons in every 100,000 [5].

Can myelitis be cured?

There is no cure for transverse myelitis, but there are treatments to prevent or minimize permanent neurological deficits.

Can you recover from discitis?

Discitis is treatable and usually results in an uncomplicated cure. However, it takes a very long course of antibiotic therapy that is usually given intravenously every day at an infusion center. The standard therapy requires six to eight weeks of this intravenous antibiotic therapy.

What are the causes and symptoms of osteomyelitis?

Osteomyelitis 1 Overview. Osteomyelitis is an infection in a bone. 2 Symptoms. Sometimes osteomyelitis causes no signs and symptoms or the signs… 3 Causes. Most cases of osteomyelitis are caused by staphylococcus bacteria,… 4 Risk factors. Your bones are normally resistant to infection, but this protection lessens as you get…

What causes meningitis in the United States of America?

Most cases of meningitis in the United States are caused by a viral infection, but bacterial, parasitic and fungal infections are other causes.

What kind of bacteria is in the meninges?

These tissues are called the meninges. They surround and protect the central nervous system. One type of bacteria that infects meninges is called Neisseria meningitidis. An infection of this tissue can cause a dangerous buildup of pressure on the brain. Symptoms of infection may include:

Why are illegal drugs more likely to cause osteomyelitis?

People who inject illegal drugs are more likely to develop osteomyelitis because they may use nonsterile needles and are less likely to sterilize their skin before injections. Osteomyelitis complications may include: Bone death (osteonecrosis). An infection in your bone can impede blood circulation within the bone, leading to bone death.

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