What conditions could lead to hematuria?
The causes of hematuria include vigorous exercise and sexual activity, among others. More serious causes of hematuria include kidney or bladder cancer; inflammation of the kidney, urethra, bladder, or prostate; and polycystic kidney disease, among other causes.
Is hematuria always pathological?
Background. Hematuria can be either grossly visible (macrohematuria) or only detectable under a microscope (microhematuria). Microhematuria is often asymptomatic and has a prevalence of 4–5% in routine clinical practice. It may be due to an underlying disease of the kidneys or the urogenital tract.
What autoimmune diseases cause hematuria?
Lupus nephritis occurs when lupus autoantibodies affect structures in your kidneys that filter out waste. This causes kidney inflammation and may lead to blood in the urine, protein in the urine, high blood pressure, impaired kidney function or even kidney failure.
Are there any medical conditions that cause hematuria?
Sometimes there is no identifiable cause. Bleeding disorders — This includes conditions such as hemophilia and von Willebrand’s disease. By itself, hematuria rarely causes symptoms. One exception is when the bladder has so much blood in it that clots form, and the flow of urine is blocked.
Can a person with gross hematuria have brown urine?
People with gross hematuria have urine that is pink, red, or brown. Even a small amount of blood in the urine can cause urine to change color. In most cases, people with gross hematuria do not have other signs and symptoms.
What is the difference between Gross and microscopic hematuria?
Hematuria is the presence of blood in a person’s urine. The two types of hematuria are. gross hematuria—when a person can see the blood in his or her urine. microscopic hematuria—when a person cannot see the blood in his or her urine, yet it is seen under a microscope.
What does idiopathic hematuria mean in medical terms?
Idiopathic hematuria. “Idiopathic” means that no specific cause can be found for blood in the urine. Idiopathic hematuria can run in families, and is called familial idiopathic hematuria.