What are the techniques used for the prevention and control of water pollution?
Use environmentally household products, such as washing powder, household cleaning agents and toiletries. Take great care not to overuse pesticides and fertilisers. By having more plants in your garden you are preventing fertiliser, pesticides and contaminated water from running off into nearby water sources.
How does Malaysia manage water?
The Malaysian water visioning process is undertaken by both the Malaysian Water Partnership (MWP) and the Malaysian National Committee for Irrigation and Drainage (MANCID). MANCID has conducted sectoral consultations with respect to water for food and rural development at both national and regional levels.
What are the steps taken by government to control water pollution?
Implementation of National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP) and National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) for conservation and management of identified lakes and wetlands in the country which have been merged in February, 2013 into an integrated scheme of National Plan for Conservation of Aquatic Eco-systems (NPCA) …
How is water pollution measured in Malaysia?
The Department of Environment (DOE) uses Water Quality Index (WQI) and National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS) to evaluate the status of the river water quality . The river water quality was assessed based on a total of 5,083 samples taken from a total of 473 rivers.
How is river pollution a problem in Malaysia?
River pollution in Malaysia is an environmental problem that becoming more serious from time to time and until now there is no longer effective solution to tackle this problem. The uses we make of water in rivers are greatly influenced by the quality of the water found in them.
How is water pollution a problem in developing countries?
Water Pollution Page 3 fAbdul Azeem/Textile Processing/NTU Sewage In developing countries, an estimated 90% of wastewater is discharged directly into rivers and streams without treatment. Even in modern countries, untreated sewage can send disease-bearing water into rivers and oceans.
How much water does Malaysia have per year?
Malaysia is well endowed with copious amounts of water and water resources. W ith an average precipitation of 3,000 mm, it is estimated that 566 billion m3 of water run in the river system each year (W eng 2005). There are mainly two main methods used to classify the water quality of the monitored river.
What should be included in water pollution control?
3.1 Integrating waste and water management 3.2 Wastewater origin, composition and significance 3.3 Wastewater management 3.4 Pollution prevention and minimisation 3.5 Sewage conveyance 3.6 Costs, operation and maintenance 3.7 Selection of technology 3.8 Conclusions and recommendations 3.9 References Chapter 4 – Wastewater as a Resource