Is central sleep apnea associated with MS?

Is central sleep apnea associated with MS?

People with multiple sclerosis tend to have sleep apnea, but not the usual kind, a study found. High rates of central sleep apnea, rather than obstructive sleep apnea, were present in a population of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, according to the results of a new study.

What is the clinical presentation of a patient with central sleep apnea?

Like obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea frequently presents with nighttime awakenings, nocturnal hypoxia, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Sometimes, bed partners report witnessed apneas and mild snoring. Patients also report nonrestorative sleep, choking, and shortness of breath.

Can sleep deprivation mimic MS?

Referred as secondary fatigue (i.e., the fatigue due to MS associated symptoms, such as depression and sleep disturbances) the author reviewed current and past literature and confirmed that sleep disturbances significantly contribute to MS-related fatigue.

Can sleep apnea cause brain lesions?

Summary: People with severe sleep apnea may have an increased risk of silent strokes and small lesions in the brain, according to a small study.

Can MS affect sleep?

Sleep difficulties are actually more common in MS than in the general population. Sleep disturbance is a general term for a wide range of sleep-related symptoms and disorders, and can include: Difficulty with initiating or maintaining sleep, also known as insomnia.

Does sleep apnea cause white matter disease?

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. Transient episodes of hypoxia, hypercapnia, and blood pressure elevation during OSA may lead to neural damage and subsequently white matter disease (WMD).

Can stress cause central sleep apnea?

Statistical analysis showed that sleep apnea was significantly associated with both insomnia and high levels of stress. They found that high stress levels were associated with a 50% higher risk of sleep apnea.

Do MS patients sleep a lot?

Poor sleep and sleep disorders are thought to be more common in people with MS than the general population and they can contribute to making fatigue worse. Daytime sleepiness is often an overlooked issue in MS and this study was a review that summarised what we know so far about it in MS.

Does sleeping in a recliner help with sleep apnea?

If you find it comfortable, you can sleep in a recliner with little risk. People with sleep apnea, GERD, or back pain may find they get a better night’s sleep in a recliner than a bed.

How long will it take to reverse damage from sleep apnea?

Although three months of CPAP therapy produced only limited improvements to damaged brain structures, 12 months of CPAP therapy led to an almost complete reversal of white matter abnormalities. Treatment also produced significant improvements in nearly all cognitive tests, mood, alertness and quality of life.

How is sleep apnea related to multiple sclerosis?

Sleep apnea, overactive bladder, and hypersomnia may be stand-alone conditions not necessarily caused by MS. Other possible causes include underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), obesity, and bladder infections. Making this determination is important for finding the right treatments and medications.

What causes a person to have central sleep apnea?

Central Sleep Apnea Due to Neuromuscular Disease: Typically seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or multiple sclerosis, central sleep apnea emerges due to extreme weakness in the respiratory muscles. The second category of central sleep apnea involves hyperventilation (breathing deep breaths and quickly), followed by pauses in breathing.

Why do people with MS have a hard time sleeping?

MS itself can make you tired. Or you could have another disorder that makes it hard for you to sleep. Insomnia, restless legs syndrome, sleep apnea, and other sleep problems happen more often in people with MS. In fact, while sleep apnea only affects about 3% of Americans overall, between 4% and 20% of people with MS have it.

Which is more common central sleep apnea or OSA?

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is a disorder that affects breathing during sleep. It is distinct from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is much more common and well-known.

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