What bacteria are non-lactose fermenters?
Examples of non-lactose fermenting bacteria are Salmonella, Proteus species, Yersinia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Shigella.
Which Gram negative bacteria are indole positive?
A positive result is shown by the presence of a red color. A negative result appears yellow. The Indole test is a key test for separating Proteus mirabilis (indole-negative) and Proteus vulgaris (indole-positive) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (indole negative) and K. pneumoniae oxytoca (indole-positive).
What do non-lactose fermenting bacteria use for energy?
MacConkey Agar (1) Non-Lactose fermenting bacteria such as Salmonella, Proteus species and Shigella cannot utilize lactose, and will use peptone instead. This forms ammonia, which raises the pH of the agar, and leads to the formation of white/colorless colonies.
What bacteria are lactose fermenting gram negative rods?
E. coli are facultative anaerobic, Gram-negative bacilli that will ferment lactose to produce hydrogen sulfide.
Is Salmonella non lactose fermenting?
To differentiate Salmonella from other Enterobacteriaceae, bacteriologists use lactose fermentation as a key biochemical test. As early as 1887, it was known that Escherichia coli was a lactose fermenter and that Salmonella was not a lactose fermenter.
How can you tell the difference between lactose and non lactose fermentation?
Therefore, lactose-fermenting-gram-negatives (lactose-fermenters) will form pink colonies, while non-lactose fermenters will form off-white opaque colonies. Even within lactose-fermenters, species will show a varying rate of growth. The rate of growth is also a way to further differentiate organisms in the MAC medium.
What bacteria can grow on MacConkey agar?
Altogether, MacConkey agar only grows gram-negative bacteria, and those bacteria will appear differently based on their lactose fermenting ability as well as the rate of fermentation and the presence of a capsule or not.
Is MacConkey selective or differential?
MacConkey agar is an example of a medium that is both differential and selective. The presence of bile salts, as well as crystal violet, within the media prevent gram-positive organisms from growing.
What type of bacteria grows on MacConkey Agar?
How are enteric Gram negative rods related to lactose?
Enteric Gram Negative Rods. Lactose Fermentation: Enterobacteriaceae are often sub-classified by their capacity to ferment lactose which can be visualized rapidly on EMB medium by the development of pigmented colonies when fermentation is positive. Consequently, organisms can be categorized as lactose fermenters and lactose non-fermenters Indole…
What kind of organisms are indole positive or negative?
Consequently, organisms can be categorized as lactose fermenters and lactose non-fermenters Indole Production: Enterobacteriaceae are often sub-classified by their capacity to produce indole from tryptophan leading to categorization as indole positive and indole negative organisms.
How are Enterobacteriaceae classified as lactose non fermenters?
Lactose Fermentation:Enterobacteriaceae are often sub-classified by their capacity to ferment lactose which can be visualized rapidly on EMB medium by the development of pigmented colonies when fermentation is positive. Consequently, organisms can be categorized as lactose fermenters and lactose non-fermenters
Is the Acinetobacter baumannii complex a fermenter?
Acinetobacter baumannii complex is a Gram-negative coccobacillus that is oxidase-negative, indole negative, catalase positive, and exhibits twitching motility in wet mount, though it is nonmotile in motility agar. It is a non-fermenter on MacConkey agar but some strains are partial lactose-fermenters.