What is reflective Judgement theory?
The reflective judgment model (RJM) describes the development of complex reasoning in late adolescents and adults, and how the epistemological assumptions people hold are related to the way they make judgments about controversial (ill-structured) issues.
What are the skills needed for reflective judgment?
The Association of American Colleges defines the need for reflective judgment when they suggest that: “[college] students need to learn to be able to state why a question or argument is significant and for whom; determine what the difference is between developing and justifying a position and merely asserting one; …
In what order does reflective judgment progress quizlet?
Experience – age, education, and environment all produce different reflective judgement skills. Reflective judgement develops in a sequential fashion, you progress through the stages without skipping any, not everyone reaches the highest stage however.
What is pre-reflective thinking?
Pre-reflective thinking is characterized by simply accepting knowledge from an authority figure as absolutely certain and not recognizing there may be more than one solution to a problem. Knowledge at this stage is absolutely certain and correct.
What is epistemic cognition?
Epistemic cognition is a process involving dispositions, beliefs, and skills regarding how individuals determine what they actually know, versus what they believe, doubt, or distrust (Chinn et al., 2011; Greene et al., in press; Hofer & Bendixen, 2012).
What is reflective reasoning?
Critical thinking and reflective thinking are often used synonymously. Dewey (1933) suggests that reflective thinking is an active, persistent, and careful consideration of a belief or supposed form of knowledge, of the grounds that support that knowledge, and the further conclusions to which that knowledge leads.
What is quasi-reflective reasoning?
39). Quasi-Reflective Reasoning (Stages 4 and 5): Recognition “that knowledge-or more accurately, knowledge claims-contain elements of uncertainty, which [people who hold these assumptions] attribute to missing information or to methods of obtaining the evidence.
What does it mean to reflect critically?
Critical reflection is an extension of “critical thinking”. It asks us to think about our practice and ideas and then it challenges us to step-back and examine our thinking by asking probing questions.
What are the stages of judgment?
People move through three different phases (pre-reflective judgment, quasi-reflective judgment, and reflective thinking) as they learn to develop their judgment skills. During the pre-reflective thinking period, people acquire knowledge through experience, observations, evaluation, and authority figures.
Why is epistemic cognition important?
Epistemic cognition skills, including the epistemic practices of making well-reasoned knowledge claims and the ability to evaluate others’ knowledge claims, are associated with many desirable education outcomes: interpretation and comprehension (Strømsø & Bråten, 2010), argumentation performance (Kuhn, 2003).
What is epistemological thinking?
Kuhn and Weinstock described epistemic thinking as “theory-in-action” (Kuhn & Weinstock, 2002, p. 134). This view suggests that individuals have tacit theories or perspectives regarding knowledge and knowing that come into play in the course of everyday knowledge judgments and construction.