What is HB 2281 Arizona?
Arizona state officials rejoiced yesterday as a U.S. Circuit Judge upheld state law HB 2281, which prohibits any class that “advocates ethnic solidarity.” The law was written to advance the dissolution of the popular and effective Mexican-American Studies (MAS) Program in Tucson in January 2012.
What is the purpose of ethnic studies?
Ethnic Studies is an interdisciplinary program. The program aims to develop fundamental skills in critical and global thinking and in comparative analysis, as well as an understanding of the interactions of race, class, gender, and sexuality in the experiences of a range of social groups.
What happened when the Tucson Unified School District tried to implement ethnic studies for their high school students?
An Arizona law banning ethnic studies violated students’ constitutional rights, a federal judge said Tuesday. His ruling made clear that the state showed discriminatory intent when it essentially shut down a Mexican-American studies program at Tucson Unified School District.
What books are banned in Arizona schools?
- Loverboys by Ana Castillo.
- Mexican WhiteBoy by Matt De la Peña.
- Negocios by Junot Díaz.
- Red Hot Salsa by Lori Marie Carlson; Óscar Hijuelos (Introduction by)
- La Casa en Mango Street by Sandra Cisneros; Elena Poniatowska (Translator)
- Curandera by Carmen Tafolla; Thelma O.
- Bendíceme, Ultima by Rudolfo A.
When was HB 2281 passed?
When HB 2281 took effect in 2012, officials stopped the Mexican American studies classes in Tucson and removed banned books from classrooms – sometimes while classes were in session. The ban became a flashpoint for educators and activists.
How do ethnic studies help students?
What is the value of ethnic studies in schools and universities? Supporters say ethnic studies promotes respect and understanding among races, supports student success, and teaches critical thinking skills.
What is the purpose of Black Studies?
It is a study of the black experience and the effect of society on them and their effect within society. This study aims to, among other things, help eradicate many racial stereotypes. Black studies implements history, family structure, social and economic pressures, stereotypes, and gender relationships.
Why is ethnic studies banned?
The judge ruled that the ban had been passed “not for a legitimate educational purpose, but for an invidious discriminatory racial purpose and a politically partisan purpose.”
Why would Chicano books be banned?
“(1) promote the overthrow of the United States government; (2) promote resentment toward a race or class of people; (3) are designed primarily for pupils of a particular ethnic group or (4) advocate ethnic solidarity instead of the treatment of pupils as individuals.”
Is House on Mango Street Banned in Arizona?
The power in the story of The House on Mango Street has led to its adoption for teaching in numerous high schools and colleges. On several occasions it has been challenged as “unsuitable for age group,” and it was banned as part of a significant censorship case in Arizona in 2010.
Is ethnic studies required in California?
Q: California State University is implementing its own ethnic studies requirement. Gavin Newsom signed AB 1460, which requires CSU students to take an ethnic studies course. CSU chose to implement that requirement as a lower-division course.