What is a percutaneous exposure?
Introduction. Percutaneous exposure incidents (PEIs) (needlestick, sharp injuries, as well as splashes leading to exposure of the skin or mucosa to blood) are a potential mode of exposure to – and transmission of blood-borne infectious diseases among healthcare workers.
What is the post exposure process?
What Is PEP? PEP, or post-exposure prophylaxis, is a short course of HIV medicines taken very soon after a possible exposure to HIV to prevent the virus from taking hold in your body. You must start it within 72 hours (3 days) after a possible exposure to HIV, or it won’t work.
What percentage of needle sticks result in HBV?
For a susceptible person, the risk from a single needlestick or cut exposure to HBV-infected blood ranges from 6-30% and depends on the hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) status of the source individual.
Is feces considered a body fluid?
* Includes human blood, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, tissue, and organs. Also includes any other human body fluid (urine, feces, nasal secretions, vomitus, etc.)
What is considered a BBP exposure?
An exposure to a bloodborne pathogen is defined as: 1) a percutaneous injury, such as a needlestick or a laceration from a sharp object, or; 2) contact of a mucous membrane or non-intact skin (i.e., skin that is abraded, chapped, or has dermatitis) with blood, tissue, or other body fluids that are potentially …
What are the steps to be followed after an occupational exposure?
- Wash the site of the needlestick or cut with soap and water.
- Flush splashes to the nose, mouth, or skin with water.
- Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants.
- Report the incident to your supervisor or the person in your practice responsible for managing exposures.
What is the effectiveness of PEP?
How well does PEP work? PEP does not prevent 100% of HIV infections but it is very effective at preventing HIV if used consistently and correctly. Observational research suggests that PEP can reduce the risk of getting HIV by more than 80%, which means some people in the studies acquired HIV despite taking PEP.
What are the guidelines for the management of occupational exposures?
Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
What are the elements of post exposure management?
Elements of Postexposure Management: HCV • Baseline evaluation and testing • Follow-up testing and counseling • PEP Not recommended after exposure – immunoglobulin not effective – no data on use of antivirals (e.g., interferon), and may be effective only with established infection – antivirals not FDA approved for this setting
When to use postexposure prophylaxis in the workplace?
Timeline for Occupational Postexposure Prophylaxis Recommendations in the United States Although exposure prevention remains the primary strategy for reducing occupationally-acquired HIV, appropriate postexposure management is an important element of workplace safety.
Where can I get post exposure prophylaxis ( PEP ) consultation?
These NCCC post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) recommendations will help you with urgent decision-making for occupational exposures to HIV and hepatitis B and C. Consultation can be obtained from Occupational Health or Employee Health Services, local experts, or the NCCC’s PEPline. See the PEPline page for current hours and availability.