What was Lucknow Pact in short?
The Lucknow Pact was an agreement reached between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League (AIMLM) at a joint session of both the parties held in Lucknow in December 1916. Through the pact, the two parties agreed to allow representation to religious minorities in the provincial legislatures.
Why did the Lucknow Pact of 1916 came about?
Several reasons led to the signing of the Lucknow Pact in 1916. Firstly, the reversal of the partition of Bengal had led to poor relations between the British and the Muslims, as they (Muslims) saw the reversal of Partition as a betrayal of British promises that the original partition was final.
What is Lucknow Pact Slideshare?
Major points Both parties reached on an agreement in 1916 in Lucknow called “Lucknow Pact”. The Congress conceded to electorates for muslims and acknowledged them as a separate nation. Hindus and Muslims should be guaranteed a certain number of seats in areas where they were a minority.
Who got ambassador in Lucknow Pact in 1916?
In December 1916, AIML and Congress met in Lucknow. It was due to untiring efforts of Jinnah that the Congress “agreed to separate electorate, for the first and the last time”. 5 To applaud these efforts of Jinnah, he was given the title of ‘Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity’ by Sarojni Naidu.
What were the major achievements of Lucknow Pact of 1916?
The major achievement of lucknow pact was that the moderates and radicals reunited and they jointly demanded self rule for india. All the indians get united and protest against britishers for self-rule..
When did Quaid e Azam presented 14 points?
In March 1929, the Muslim League session was held at Delhi under the presidency of Jinnah. In his address to his delegates, he consolidated Muslim viewpoints under fourteen items and these fourteen points became Jinnah’s 14 points.
What was Lucknow Pact O levels?
The Lucknow Pact was an agreement on a scheme of constitutional reforms reached between Congress and the Muslim League. They believed that by holding the sessions of both the Congress and the Muslim League in one place, feelings of goodwill and friendship would be generated between the two communities.
What were the drawbacks of the Lucknow Pact?
Following are three drawbacks of the Lucknow Pact: The Lucknow Pact was not concluded through mass participation. It was primarily a brainchild of the educated and rich Hindus and Muslims. The Pact accepted in principle that the interests of the Hindus and Muslims were separate.
What is Khilafat movement?
The Khilafat movement or the Caliphate movement, also known as the Indian Muslim movement (1919–24), was a pan-Islamist political protest campaign launched by Muslims of British India led by Shaukat Ali, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar, Hakim Ajmal Khan, and Abul Kalam Azad to restore the caliph of the Ottoman Caliphate.
Who was the Viceroy during Simla deputation?
Viceroy lord minto
Simla Deputation organised by the Indian Muslim leaders, met the Governor General and Viceroy lord minto in Simla on 1 October 1906. The aim of the deputation was to win the sympathies of the Raj on their side concerning matters relating to their interests as a community.
Who was the author of the Lucknow Pact?
Written By: Lucknow Pact, (December 1916), agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah; it was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on Dec. 31, 1916.
Who was involved in the Lucknow Pact of 1916?
Scholars cite this as an example of a consociational practice in Indian politics. Ambica Charan Mazumdar led the Congress while framing the deal, and A.K. Fazlul Haq (who was part of both Congress and the Muslim League in 1916) and Mahatma Gandhi also participated in this event.
What was the Pact for UPSC in 1916?
Read more on Lucknow Pact for UPSC exam. The Lucknow Pact is an agreement between the Indian National Congress (INC) and the All India Muslim League reached at a joint session of both the parties held at Lucknow in 1916.
When did Muslim League and Indian National Congress sign the Lucknow Pact?
The agreement was confirmed by the annual sessions of the Congress and the League in their annual sessions held at Lucknow on December 29 and December 31, 1916 respectively. So, for the first time in history, Muslim League and Indian National Congress worked together to present a set of demands to British which came to be known as the Lucknow Pact.