How do you treat subtalar dislocation?

How do you treat subtalar dislocation?

Most of the subtalar dislocations can be treated with closed reduction under sedation. If this is not possible, open reduction without further delay should be conducted. After primary treatment, X-ray and computed tomography scan should be performed to evaluate the alignment and the fractures.

How do you reduce medial subtalar dislocation?

Total subtalar dislocation without fracture of the ankle is a rare clinical entity; it is usually due to a traumatic high-energy mechanism. Standard treatment is successful closed reduction under general anesthesia followed by non-weight bearing and ankle immobilization with a below-knee cast for 6 weeks.

What is a subtalar dislocation?

Term explanation. Isolated subtalar dislocation is the dislocation of talonavicular and talocalcaneal joint without any associated fractures. Calcaneus and the rest foot dislocate medially, laterally, posteriorly or anteriorly in relation to talus.

What is subluxation of the talus?

Total talus dislocation with loss of connection with the three joint facets is an infrequent injury that occurs after a high-energy trauma. Usually total talus dislocation accompanies other fractures of neighboring bones as malleolar fracture or talus fracture itself and usually it is an open injury.

How do you reduce talar dislocation?

In medial dislocations, the capsule of the talonavicular joint, peroneal tendons, or the extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle can block reduction. The talar head can “button hole” through the EDB which blocks reduction.

What causes subtalar joint pain?

Most subtalar arthritis is caused by a previous trauma, usually a calcaneal fracture, although certain fractures involving the talar body may also cause subtalar arthritis. Other causes include rheumatoid arthritis, or the abnormal loading of the subtalar joint associated with malalignment of the heel bone (calcaneus).

How long does it take for a subtalar fusion to heal?

You should plan on at least 10 to 12 weeks of recovery before returning to normal activities. Be sure and discuss any return to work with your surgeon. It can take up to one year to feel the full benefits of subtalar fusion. Most patients make a good recovery from subtalar fusion.

Can you walk with a dislocated ankle?

Dislocations are painful, and there is usually obvious deformity of the ankle joint. It may be very difficult or impossible to stand or walk. If the nerves that run across the ankle joint are damaged or inflamed, there can be numbness and tingling of the foot.

What is a Pantalar dislocation?

Pantalar dislocations, defined as dislocation of the talus from the tibiotalar, talocalcaneal, and talonavicular joints, are rare injuries and account for 0.06% of all dislocations and 2–3.4% of talar injuries [1, 2]. It is often a result of high-energy trauma such as a fall from height or motor vehicle accident.

How do you treat subtalar joint pain?


  1. Conservative care for most injuries may include oral anti-inflammatories or Cortisone injections to reduce inflammation.
  2. Physical therapy to help strengthen surrounding muscles, improve joint range of motion and general lower extremity flexibility and balance.

What do you need to know about subtalar dislocations?

Subtalar dislocations are hindfoot dislocations that result from high energy trauma. Diagnosis is made clinically and confirmed with orthogonal radiographs of the foot. Treatment is a trial of closed reduction but may require open reduction given the several anatomic blocks to reduction.

How are subtalar dislocations different from ankle osseous fracture?

Subtalar Dislocation 窶「Dislocation of the articulations of the talus: 窶典alocalcaneal joint 窶典alonavicular joint 窶・/- Talo-crural joint 窶「Ankle disruption can occur, but with ankle osseous fracture, the injury is classified 窶彭ifferently窶・窶「Total talar dislocation different entity

Is there a dislocation of the talocalcaneonavicular joint?

Dislocation of the talocalcaneonavicular or subtalar joint is a rare occurrence. Posterior subtalar dislocations are even rarer among subtalar dislocations. The injury is characterized by a simultaneous dislocation of talocalcaneal and talonavicular joints while tibiotalar and calcaneocuboid articulations remain intact.

What are the different types of Talar dislocations?

窶「Ankle disruption can occur, but with ankle osseous fracture, the injury is classified 窶彭ifferently窶・窶「Total talar dislocation different entity 窶「STJ dislocation = No 窶彷racture窶・BR>窶釘ony avulsion across STJ typically present due to ligamentous attachments Other Info窶ヲ 窶「竕・1-2% of all dislocations

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