What is meant by coefficient of discharge CD?
In a nozzle or other constriction, the discharge coefficient (also known as coefficient of discharge or efflux coefficient) is the ratio of the actual discharge to the theoretical discharge, i.e., the ratio of the mass flow rate at the discharge end of the nozzle to that of an ideal nozzle which expands an identical …
What are hydraulic coefficients name them?
The following are the hydraulic coefficients:Coefficient of contraction (Cc). It is defined as the ratio of area of jet at *vena contracta (ac) to the area of orifice (a). Coefficient of velocity (Cv). Coefficient of discharge (Cd). Coefficient of resistance (Cr).
What is Hydraulic CV?
In the U.S. system of units, the Cv coefficient is the number of U.S. gallons per minute of water that will pass through a given orifice area at a pressure drop of 1 PSI. An orifice or valve passage which has a Cv coefficient of 1.00 will pass 1 GPM of water (specific gravity 1.0) with a pressure drop of 1 PSI.
How do I choose a solenoid?
How to Choose a SolenoidFunction.Stroke Length and Force.Duty Cycle.Size.Voltage. Take a look at the above list and see which items have been predetermined by the requirements of your application. Function. Push or Pull? Stroke Length and Force. Since these two traits are dependent on each other we will wrap them both up as one step. Duty Cycle.
When would you use a solenoid?
Solenoids are a type of electric motor. They are commonly used in cars as heavy duty relays. The technical definition of a solenoid is a device or motor that can produce back and forth, or linear, motion when a force is applied. Solenoids will respond to hydraulic, pneumatic or electrical force.
What is the difference between a 2 way and 3 way solenoid valve?
A 2-way valve is any type of valve with two ports: an inlet and an outlet port, typically labeled “A” and “AB” respectively. 3-way valves are commonly found in constant flow/volume pumping systems and can be either mixing or diverting valves. 3-way valves can be piped in the supply or return.
What is the difference between solenoid valve and pneumatic valve?
Hey. Here is your answer. A solenoid valve is one that operates by use of electricity. A pneumatic valve is similar, but instead of utilizing an electromagnetic force to move the plunger and open or close the valve, a compressed air line is used to force the plunger to move.
What is called solenoid?
A solenoid (/ˈsoʊlənɔɪd/, from the Greek σωληνοειδής sōlēnoeidḗs, “pipe-shaped”) is a type of electromagnet, the purpose of which is to generate a controlled magnetic field through a coil wound into a tightly packed helix.
How many types of actuators are there?
There are three main systems on which the operation of the ship is mostly based – hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical and electronic systems. All these are mainly responsible to control the starting and stopping mechanisms of any marine machinery.