How can cooperative learning be used in the classroom?
In the classroom, a cooperative learning lesson involves students working in small groups to accomplish a learning task. The task is assigned by the teacher with clear directions. Students then work on the task together with defined roles (i.e. reporter, spokesperson, researcher, recorder).
What is cooperative learning According to Johnson and Johnson?
Formal cooperative learning consists of students working together, for one class period to several weeks, to achieve shared learning goals and complete jointly specific tasks and assignments (Johnson, Johnson, & Holubec, 2008). By assigning students roles, role interdependence is established.
What is cooperative learning in the classroom?
Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject.
What is the purpose of cooperative learning?
A purpose of cooperative learning is to make each group member a stronger individual. There is considerable group-to-individual transfer. Students learn together so that they can subsequently perform higher as individuals.
What are the components of cooperative learning?
Five essential elements are identified for the successful incorporation of cooperative learning in the classroom:
- positive interdependence.
- individual and group accountability.
- promotive interaction (face to face)
- teaching the students the required interpersonal and small group skills.
- group processing.
How effective is cooperative learning in the classroom?
Cooperative learning is so effective because it is structured, creates a classroom community, is a sustained approach, enhances students’ communication skills, encourages a growth mindset, balances interdependence with individual accountability, and responds to classroom diversity.
How does cooperative learning work in the classroom?
Formal cooperative learning is a type of group work structured in assigned groups of 3-4 students in which the teacher has already analyzed and assessed individuals to create the most effective group based on social dynamics within the group (Johnson-Johnson, 1999).
When was cooperation first used in the classroom?
Cooperation in the Classroom., 1984 Circles of Learning. Cooperation in the Classroom. Johnson, David W.; And Others Cooperative learning processes have been rediscovered and are being used throughout the country on every level.
What was cooperative learning like in the 1800s?
At that time, cooperative learning was considered cutting edge compared to the preferred format of individual student learning. In the one room schoolhouse of the 1800s and early 1900s, students of all ages worked on their own learning goals. True cooperative learning involves more than just having students sit together in groups.
How long does informal cooperative learning usually last?
Informal cooperative learning is as it sounds, informal. Informal groups are made in class and can last from a few minutes to one class period. Base groups are created early on in a group of students to help foster relationships over time and can last for years (Johnson-Johnson, 2009).