What is a superstrate in linguistics?
A substratum or substrate is a language that has lower power or prestige than another, while a superstratum or superstrate is the language that has higher power or prestige. Both substratum and superstratum languages influence each other, but in different ways.
What is the meaning of substrata?
any layer or stratum lying underneath another. 2. a basis or foundation; groundwork. 3. the nonliving material on which an animal or plant grows or lives.
What is the simple definition of language?
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual (signed), or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves.
What is a substratum word?
: an underlying support : foundation: such as. a : substance that is a permanent subject of qualities or phenomena. b : the material of which something is made and from which it derives its special qualities. c : a layer beneath the surface soil specifically : subsoil.
What is lexifier linguistics?
A lexifier is the language that provides the basis for the majority of a pidgin or creole language’s vocabulary (lexicon). Often this language is also the dominant, or superstrate language, though this is not always the case, as can be seen in the historical Mediterranean Lingua Franca.
What does the word revivify mean?
transitive verb. : to give new life to : revive.
What is a holdfast in English?
1 : something to which something else may be firmly secured. 2a : a part by which a plant clings to a flat surface. b : an organ by which a parasitic animal attaches itself to its host.
Which is the best definition of superstrate language?
superstrate – the language of a later invading people that is imposed on an indigenous population and contributes features to their language.
What does superstrate mean in the American Heritage Dictionary?
n. The language of a later, invading people imposed on and leaving features in an indigenous language. [ super- + (sub)strate .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved. 1.
Who is the author of the superstrate Dictionary?
The language of a later, invading people imposed on and leaving features in an indigenous language. [ super- + (sub)strate .] American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.
When does the superstrate become the main means of communication?
When the various versions of the superstrate are […] used as the main means of communication among speakers of different substrate languages (in other words, when vernacularisation occurs), and when the speakers begin to view themselves somehow as a “community,” then levelling begins.