# How do you calculate wind speed force?

## How do you calculate wind speed force?

Calculating Force Based on Wind Speed The mass of air hitting a surface then equals air density times area. The acceleration (a) equals the square of the wind speed in meters per second (m/s). Use the formula force (F) equals mass (m) times acceleration (a) to calculate the force in Newtons (N).

How do you convert speed to force?

You can’t change speed into force directly unless you know the direction of motion of the body; since speed is a scalar quantity and force is a vector quantity. If you find its velocity, and find its first time derivative (acceleration) and multiply with the mass of the body, you get the force acting on it.

### How do you calculate wind speed and pressure?

Wind Speed Conversion (MPH) These values are calculated from the Ensewiler Formula, P = 0.00256 x V2, where V = Wind Velocity in MPH and P = the Differential Pressure across the window in Pounds per Square Foot (PSF).

What force is 10 mph wind?

JetStream Max: Beaufort Wind Force Scale

Beaufort Wind Force Wind Average British term
0 0 Calm
1 2 kt 2 mph 3 km/h Light air
2 5 kt 6 mph 9 km/h Light breeze
3 9 kt 10 mph 16 km/h Gentle breeze

#### How do you calculate uplift force?

The uplift force on each outer post is (1/2 the span projection + the outer overhang) * (1/2 the span width + the side overhang) = (25% of the roof area) * the net uplift (all the uplift minus the self-weight or ‘dead load’).

How do you force a calculator?

The force formula is defined by Newton’s second law of motion: Force exerted by an object equals mass times acceleration of that object: F = m ⨉ a. To use this formula, you need to use SI units: Newtons for force, kilograms for mass, and meters per second squared for acceleration.

## What is wind load calculation?

Load Is a Force. Armed with pressure and drag data, you can find the wind load using the following formula: force = area x pressure x Cd. Using the example of a flat section of a structure, the area – or length x width – can be set to 1 square foot, resulting in a wind load of 1 x 25.6 x 2 = 51.2 psf for a 100-mph wind …

Is 19 mph wind strong?

The winds of 15-25 mph, with gusts of up to 45 mph, may blow around unsecured objects, take down tree limbs and potentially cause power outages. Wind chill values will be in the 20s to 30s throughout the day. – at 19 to 24 mph, smaller trees begin to sway. – at 32 to 38 mph, whole trees will be in motion.

### What is uplift pressure formula?

Uplift pressure is a design load to be considered for the structures constructed below the groundwater table. When the depth of the excavation is deeper, the greater the upward pressure applied by the water.

What part of a roof is subject to the greatest wind uplift forces?

A 30-degree roof slope has the best results. Wind forces on a roof tend to be uplift forces.

#### How to calculate the force of a 5 mph wind?

The area of air impact equals 1 square meter. To calculate the force of a 5-mile-per-hour wind, first convert the wind speed to meters per second. Using an online converter shows that 5 mph equals 2.24 m/s. Filling in the formula force equals air mass (A m) times wind speed squared (F = A mxa 2) gives this calculation:

Which is the formula for the spring force?

The Spring force formula is given by, F = k (x – x 00).

## How is wind speed and wind load related?

The pressure acting the surface transforms to a force Note – in practice wind force acting on a object creates more complex forces due to drag and other effects. A hurricane with wind speed 35 m/s is acting on a 10 m2 wall. The dynamic force can be calculated as Or – from the table above the wind load per square metre is 735 N/m2.

How to calculate wind pressure per square foot?

The unit for wind pressure is pounds per square foot (psf). For example, if the wind speed is 70 mph, the wind pressure is 0.00256 x 70 2 = 12.5 psf. An alternative to calculating wind pressure at a particular wind speed is to use the standard for various wind zones.