What is a carbamate group?

What is a carbamate group?

The carbamates are a group of insecticides that includes such compounds as carbamyl, methomyl, and carbofuran. They are rapidly detoxified and eliminated from animal tissues. Their toxicity is thought to arise from a mechanism somewhat similar to that for the organophosphates.

Is carbamate systemic?

Carbamates are esters of N-methyl carbamic acid. When applied to crops or directly to the soil as systemic insecticides, organophosphates and carbamates generally persist from only a few hours to several months.

Which functional group is present in carbamates?

carbamate ester functional group
The so-called carbamate insecticides feature the carbamate ester functional group. Included in this group are aldicarb (Temik), carbofuran (Furadan), carbaryl (Sevin), ethienocarb, fenobucarb, oxamyl, and methomyl.

What is the structure of carbamate?


PubChem CID 276
Structure Find Similar Structures
Molecular Formula CH2NO2-
Synonyms carbamate Carbamate ion Carbamic acid, ion(1-) 302-11-4 Carbamates More…
Molecular Weight 60.032

Is propoxur harmful to humans?

* Propoxur can affect you when breathed in and by passing through your skin. * Exposure to Propoxur can cause severe Carbamate poisoning with headache, sweating, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, muscle twitching, loss of coordination, and death.

Is carbamate banned?

Carbofuran is a highly toxic carbamate pesticide used in agriculture for pest control (1). The European Union banned its use in 2008 (2). However, because the pesticide is still available in countries outside the European Union, it continues to threaten vulnerable species.

Why oximes are not used in carbamate poisoning?

The administration of oximes, acetylcholinesterase reactivators, in carbamate poisoning is controversial because of the potential toxicity of oximes in conjunction with carbamate especially in the case of the carbamate–“carbaryl” poisoning. However, recent data suggest that this concern may be unwarranted.

How does a carbamate work?

Organophosphates and carbamates are absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract, lungs, and skin. They inhibit plasma and red blood cell (RBC) cholinesterase, preventing breakdown of acetylcholine, which then accumulates in synapses. Carbamates are cleared spontaneously within about 48 hours after exposure.

Is Baygon bad for lungs?

BAYGON is harmful if swallowed or absorbed through the skin. Baygon products contain Propoxur, which can cause headaches, vomiting, and nausea, and Cyfluthrin, which can cause lung problems, convulsions, asthmatic attacks, pneumonia, muscle paralysis and possibly even death due to respiratory failure.

Is the carbamate group an open access article?

This is an open access article published under an ACS AuthorChoice License, which permits copying and redistribution of the article or any adaptations for non-commercial purposes. This article has been cited byother articles in PMC. Abstract The carbamate group is a key structural motif in many approved drugs and prodrugs.

How are carbamates used in the chemical industry?

Carbamate derivatives are widely represented in agricultural chemicals, such as pesticides, fungicides, and herbicides. They play a major role in the chemical and paint industry as starting materials, intermediates, and solvents.

How is the inorganic salt ammonium carbamate produced?

Carbamate. Although most of this article concerns organic carbamates, the inorganic salt ammonium carbamate is produced on a large scale as an intermediate in the production of the commodity chemical urea from ammonia and carbon dioxide .

What is the function of the carbamate moiety?

The carbamate functionality imposes a degree of conformational restriction due to the delocalization of nonbonded electrons on nitrogen into the carboxyl moiety. In addition, the carbamate functionality participates in hydrogen bonding through the carboxyl group and the backbone NH.


About the Author

You may also like these